Wissenschaftliche Studien

Prof. Dr. Revenstorf, Claudia Ammann (http://www.meg-tuebingen.de/meg/1-hypnose-hypnoseforschung.htm)

Zur Effektivität der Hypnotherapie (oder Hypnosetherapie) liegen bislang zahlreiche empirische Studien vor, die die Wirksamkeit dieses Verfahrens in unterschiedlichen psychologischen und medizinischen Bereichen belegen.

Diese Studien wurden in mehreren Metaanlysen zusammengefaßt (Smith, Glass & Miller 1979, Grawe et al. 1994, Revenstorf & Prudlo 1994, Rominger 1995, Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis 2000, Bongartz et al. 2001, MEG-DGH-Studie: Revenstorf, Schauer, Flammer in Vorber.). Insgesamt konnten bis zum Jahr 2000 über 170 relevante empirische Studien gesichtet werden.
Praxis-Evaluation der Hypnotherapie
Zwischenbericht 1/02

  • Anderson, J. A. D., Basker, M. A., Dalton, R. Migraine and hypnotherapy 1975 International Journal of Clinical and experimental Hypnosis, 23(1), 48-58 Migraine
  • Andrews, V. H., & Hall, H. R. The effects of relaxation/imagery training on recurrent aphthous stomatitis: A preliminary study. 1990 Psychosomatic Medicine, 52, 526-535. Recurrent aphtous stomatitis
  • Andreychuk, T., Skriver, C. Hypnosis and biofeedback in the treatment of migraine headache. 1975 International Journal of Clinical and experimental Hypnosis, 23(3),172-183 Migraine
  • Ashton, C. J., Witworth, G. C., Seldomridge, J. A., Shapiro, P. A., Weinberg, A. D., Michler, R. E., Smith, C. R., Rose, E. A., Fisher, S., & Oz, M. C. Self-hypnosis reduces anxiety following coronary artery bypass surgery. 1997 Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery, 38, 69-75. Anxiety following bypass surgery
  • Ashton, R. C., Whitworth, G. C., Seldomridge, J. A., Shapiro, P. A., Michler, R. E., Smith, C. R., Rose, E. A., Fisher, S., & Oz, M. C. The effects of self hypnosis on quality of life following coronary artery bypass surgery: Preliminary results of a prospective, randomized trial. 1995 Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 1(3), 285-290 Quality of life following bypass surgery
  • Attias, J., Shemesh, Z., Shoam, A., Sohmer, H. Efficacy of self-hypnosis for tinnitus relief. 1990 Scandinavian Audiology, 19, 245-249 Tinnitus
  • Attias, J., Shemesh, Z., Sohmer, H., Gold, S., Shoham, C., & Faraggi, D. Comparison between self-hypnosis, masking and attentiveness for alleviation of chronic tinnitus. 1993 Audiology, 32, 205-212. Tinnitus
  • Aydin, S., Ercran, M., Cascurlu, T., Tasci, A., Karaman, I., Odabas, Ö., Yilmaz, Y., Agargün, M. Y., Kara, H., & Sevin, G. Accupuncture and hypnotic suggestions in the treatment of non-organic male sexual dysfunction. 1997 Scandinavian Journal of Urology and Nephrology, 31, 271-274. Non-organic male sexual dysfunction
  • Aydin, S., Odabas, Ö., Ercan, M., Kara, H., Agargün, M. Y. Efficacy of testosterone, trazodone, and hypnotic suggestion in the treatment of non-organic male sexual dysfunction. 1996 British Journal of Urology, 77. 256-260 Non-organic male sexual dysfunction
  • Banerjee, S., Srivastav, A., & Palan, B. M. Hypnosis and self-hypnosis in the management of nocturnal enuresis: a comperative study with imipramine therapy. 1993 American journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 36(2), 113-119. Enuresis
  • Barkley, R. A., Hastings, J. E., & ?., J. T. L. The effects of rapid smoking and hypnosis in the treatment of smoking behavior. 1977 International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 25(1), 7-17. Smoking cessation
  • Behre, A., & Scholz, O. B. Behandlungswirkungen standardisierter hypnotherapeutischer Suggestionen bei Patienten mit Schlafstörungen. 1998 Hypnose und Kognition, 15(1-2), 113-127. Sleep disorders
  • Belsky, J., & Khanna, P. The effects of self-hypnosis for children with cystic fibrosis: A pilot study. 1994 American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 36(4), 282-292. Cystic fibrosis
  • Benson, H., Frankel, F. H., Apfel, R., Daniels, M. D., Schniewind, H. E., Nemiah, J. C., Sifneos, P. E., Crassweller, K. D., Greenwood, M. M., Kotch, J. B., Arns, P. A., & Rosner, B. Treatment of anxiety: A comparison of the usefulness of self-hypnosis and a meditational relaxation technique: An overview. 1978 Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 30, 229-242. Anxiety neurosis
  • Berkowitz, B., Ross-Townsend, A., Kohberger, R. Hypnotic treatment of smoking: the single-treatment method revisited. 1979 American Journal of Psychiatry Smoking cessation
  • Blankfield, R. P., Zyzanski, S. J., Flocke, S. A., Alemagno, S., & Scheurman, K. Taped therapeutic suggestion and taped music as adjunct in the care of coronary-artery-bypass patients. 1995 American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 37(3), 32-42. Care of bypass patients
  • Borkovec, T. D., Fowles, D. C. Controlled investigation of the effects of progressive and hypnotic relaxation on insomnia. 1973 Journal of Abnormal Psychology Insomnia
  • Boutin, G. E., & Tosi, D. J. Modification of irrational ideas and test anxiety through rational stage directed hypnotherapy (RSDH). 1983 Journal of Clinical Psychology, 39(3), 382-391. Test anxiety
  • Brom, D., Kleber, R. J., & Defares, P. B. Brief psychotherapy for posttraumatic stress disorders. 1989 Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 57(5), 607-612. PTSD
  • Brown, D. C. A group hypnosis smoking cessation program: Six month follow-up. 1998 Hypnos, 25(2), 98-103. Smoking cessation
  • Cedercreutz, C., Lähteenmäki, R., Tulikoura, J. Hypnotic treatment of headache and vertigo in skull injured patients. 1976 International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 24(3), 195-201 Headache/vertigo in skill injured patients
  • Chandrasena, R. Hypnosis in the treatment of viral warts. 1982 Psychiatric Journal of the University of Ottawa, 7(2), 135-137. Warts
  • Clarke, J. H., & Reynolds, P. J. Suggestive hypnotherapy for nocturnal bruxism: A pilot study. 1990 American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 33(4), 248-253 Bruxism
  • Colgan, S. M., Faragher, E. B., & Whorwell, P. J. Controlled trial of hypnotherapy in relapse prevention of duodenal ulceration. 1988 Lancet, 1299-1300 Duodenal ulceration
  • Davidson, G. P. Smoking control: audiotaped self-hypnosis as adjuvant treatment in a clinical series. 1985 Australian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 13(2), 107-112 Smoking control
  • Deyoub, P. L. Hypnosis in the treatment of obesity and in relation of suggestibility to outcome. 1979 Journal of the American Society of Psychosomatic Dentistry and Medicine, 26(4), 137-149. Obesity
  • Domangue, B., Margolis, C. G., Lieberman, D., & Kaji, H. Biochemical correlates of hypnoanalgesia in arthritic pain patients. 1985 Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 46(6), 235-238. Pain in arthritic patients
  • Edelson, J., Fitzpatrick, J. L. A comparison of cognitive-behavioral and hypnotic treatments of chronic pain. 1989 Journal of Clinical Psychology, 45(2), 316-323 Chronic pain
  • Edwards, S. D., Van der Spuy, H. I. J. Hypnotherapy as a treatment for enuresis 1985 J. Child Psychol. Psychat., 26(1), 161 - 170 Enuresis
  • Elton, D. Combined use of hypnosis and EMG biofeedback in the treatment of stress-induced conditions. 1993 Stress Medicine, 9. Stress//tension headaches
  • Elton, D., Burrows, G. D., Stanley, G. V. Hypnosis and chronic pain. 1980 Australian Journal of Clinical and Experimental hypnosis, 8(2), 83-90 Chronischer Schmerz
  • Emmerson, G. J. An hypnotic intervention for migraine control. 1999 Australian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 27(1), 54 - 61 Migraine
  • Enqvist, B., Björklund, C., Engman, M., & Jakobsson, J. Preoperative hypnosis reduces postoperative vomiting after surgery of the breasts. 1997 Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica, 41, 1028-1032. postoperative vomiting
  • Enqvist, B., vonKonow, L., & Bystedt, H. Pre- and perioperative suggestion in maxillofacial surgery: Effects on blood loss and recovery. 1995 International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 43(3), 284-294. Blood loss/blood pressure in maxillofacial surgery
  • Ewer, T. C., & Stewart, D. E. Improvement in bronchial hyper-responsiveness in patients with moderate asthma after treatment with a hypnotic technique: a randomised controlled trial. 1986 British Medical Journal, 293, 1129-1132. Asthma
  • Felt, B. T., Hall, H., Olness, K., Schmidt, W., Kohen, D., Berman, B. D., Broffman, G., Coury, D., French, G., Dattner, A., & Young, M. H. Wart regression in children: Comparison of relaxation-imagery to topical treatment and equal time interventions. 1998 American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 41(2), 130-137. Warts
  • Field, P. B. Effects of tape-recorded hypnotic preparation for surgery. 1974 International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 22(1), 54-51. Preparation for surgery
  • Freeman, R. M. A psychological approach to detrusor instability incontinence in women. 1987 Stress Medicine, 3, 9-14 Incontinence in women
  • Freeman, R. M., Macaulay, A. J., Eve, L., Chamberlain, G. V. P., & Bhat, A. V. Randomised trial of self-hypnosis for analgesia in labour. 1986 British Medical Journal, 292, 657-658. Analgesia in labor
  • Friedman, H., & Taub, H. A. The use of hypnosis and biofeedback procedures for essential hypertension. 1977 International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 25(4), 335-347. Hypertension
  • Friedman, H., Taub, H. A. An evaluation of hypnotic susceptibility and peripheral temperature elevation in the treatment of migraine. 1982 American Journal of clinical Hypnosis; 24(3), 172-182 Migraine
  • Fuchs, K., Zaidise, I., Peretz, B. A., Paldi, E. Hypnosetherapie und männliche Impotenz. 1989 Experimentelle und Klinische Hypnose, 5(1), 103-115 Impotence
  • Galovski, T. E., & Blanchard, E. B. The treatment of irritable bowel syndrome with hypnotherapy. 1998 Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback, 23(4), 219-232. Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Gay, M. C., Phillipot, P., Luminet, O. Differential effectiveness of psychological interventions for reducing osteoarthritis pain: a comparison of Erickson hypnosis and Jacobson relaxation. 2002 European Journal of Pain, 6, 1 - 16 Osteoarthritis pain
  • Ghoneim, M. M., Block, R. I., Sarasin, D. S., Davis, C. S., Marchman, J. N. Tape-recorded hypnosis instructions as adjuvant in the care of patients scheduled for third molar surgery. 2000 Anesthesia and Analgesia, 90, 64-68 Care of third molar surgery patients
  • Ginandes, C. S., Rosenthal, D. I. Using Hypnosis to accelerate the Healing of Bone Fractures: A Randomized Controlled Pilot Study 1999 Alternative Therapies, 5(2), 67 - 75 Healing process of bone fractures
  • Gokli, M. A., Wood, A. J., Mourino, A. P., Farrington, F. H., & Best, A. M. Hypnosis as an adjunct to the administration of local anesthetic in pediatric patients. 1994 Journal of Dentistry for Children, 61(4), 272-275. Local anesthesia
  • Goldman, L., Ogg, T. W., & Levey, A. B. Hypnosis and daycase anaesthesia. 1988 Anaesthesia, 43, 466-469. Preinvasive anxiety/ perioperative anesthesia Hammarstrand, G., Berggren, U., & Hakeberg, M. Psychophysiological therapy vs. hypnotherapy in the treatment of patients with dental phobia. 1995 European Journal of Oral Sciences, 103, 399-404. Dental phobia
  • Hart, R. R. The influence of a taped hypnotic induction treatment procedure on the recovery of surgery patients. 1980 International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 28(4), 324-332. Postoperative recovery (open heart surgery)
  • Harvey, R. F., Hinton, R. A., Gunary, R. M., Barry, R. E. Individual and group hypnotherapy in treatment of refractory irritable bowel syndrome. 1989 Lancet, 1(8635), 424-5 Irritable bowel syndrome
    Hawkins, P. J., Liossi, C., Ewart, B. W., Hatira, P., & Kosmidis, V. H. Hypnosis in the alleviation of procedure related pain and distress in paediatric oncology patients. 1998 Contemporary Hypnosis, 15(4), 199-207. Pain/stress during lumbar puncture
  • Horowitz, S. L. Strategies within hypnosis for reducing phobic behavior. 1970 Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 75(1), 104-112. Phobic behavior (snakes)
  • Houghton, L. A., Heyman, D. J., & Whorwell, P. J. Symptomtology, quality of life and economic features of irritable bowel syndrome - the effect of hypnotherapy. 1996 ????, 10, 91-95. Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Hyman, G. J., Stanley, R. O., Burrows, G. D., & Horne, D. J. Treatment effectiveness of hypnosis and behaviour therapy in smoking cessation: A methodological refinement. 1986 Addictive Behaviors, 11, 355-365. Smoking cessation
  • Jacknow, D. S., Tschann, J. M., Link, M. P., & Boyce, W. T. Hypnosis in the prevention of chemotherapy-related nausea and vomiting in children: A prospective study. 1994 Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 15(4), 258-264. Chemotherapy-related nausea/vomiting in children
  • Javel, A. F. One-session hypnotherapy for smoking: A controlled study. 1980 Psychological Reports, 46, 895-899. Smoking cessation
    Jenkins, M. W., & Pritchard, M. H. Hypnosis: practical applications and theoretical considerations in normal labour. 1993 British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 100, 221-226. Hypnosis in first and second stage of labor
  • John, M. E., & Parrino, J. P. Practical hypnotic suggestion in ophthalmic surgery. 1983 American Journal of Ophthalmology, 96, 540-542. Analgesia/reducing unnnecessary movement in ophthalmic surgery
  • Johnson, D. L. Weight loss for women: Studies of smokers and nonsmokers using hypnosis and multicomponent treatments with and without overt aversion. 1997 Psychological reports, 80, 931-933. Overweight
  • Johnson, D. L., & Karkut, R. T. Participation in multicomponent hypnosis treatment programs for women's weight loss with and without overt aversion. 1996 Psychological Reports, 79, 659-668. Overweight
  • Johnson, R. L., & Johnson, H. C. Effects of anxiety-reducing hypnotic training on learning and reading-comprehension tasks. 1984 Journal of the National Medical Association, 76(3), 233-235. Test anxiety
  • Johnson, R. Q. F., Barber, T. X. Hypnosis, suggestions, and warts: an experimental investigation implicating the importance of "believed-in efficacy". 1978 American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 20(3), 165-174 Warts
  • Katz, E. R., Kellerman, J., & Ellenberg, L. Hypnosis in the reduction of acute pain and distress in children with cancer. 1987 Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 12(3), 379-394. Pain/distress in children undergoing bone marrow aspiration
  • Kaufert, J. M., Rabkin, S. W., Syrotuik, J., Boyko, E., Shane, F. Health beliefs as predictors of success of alternate modalities of smoking cessation: results of a controlled trial. 1985 Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 9(5), 475-489 Smoking cessation
  • Kellerman, J., Zeltzer, L., Ellenberg, L., & Dash, J. Adolescents with cancer. 1983 Journal of Adolescent Health Care, 4, 85-90. Reduction of acute pain/anxiety associated with medical procedures
  • Kline, M. V. The use of extended group hypnotherapy sessions in controlling cigarette habituation. 1970 International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 18(4), 270-282. Smoking cessation
  • Kohen, D. P. Relaxation/mental imagery (self-hypnosis) for childhood asthma: Behavioral outcomes in a prospective, controlled study. 1995 Hypnos, 22(3), 132-144 Asthma
  • Kuttner, L. Favorite stories: A hypnotic pain reduction technique for children in acute pain. 1988 American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 30(4), 289-295. Pain/distress/anxiety in children undergoing bone marrow aspiration
  • Lambe, R., Osier, C., & Franks, P. A randomized controlled trial of hypnotherapy for smoking cessation. 1986 Journal of Family Practice, 22(1), 61-65. Smoking cessation
    Lambert, S. The effects of hypnosis/guided imagery on the postoperative course of children. 1996 Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 17(5), 307-310. Improvement of postoperative course of children
  • Lang, E. V., & Hamilton, D. Anodyne imagery: An alternative to IV sedation in interventional radiology. 1994 American Journal of Roentgenology, 162, 1221-1226. Pain/anxiety in interventional radiology
  • Lang, E. V., Benotsch, E. G., Fick, L. J., Lutgendorf, S., Berbaum, M. L., Berbaum, K. S., Logan, H, Spiegel, D. Adjunctive non - pharmacological analgesia for invasive medical procedures: a randomised trial 2000 Lancet, 355, 1486 - 1490 Analgesia in interventional radiological procedures
  • Lang, E. V., Joyce, J. S., Spiegel, D., Hamilton, D., & Lee, K. K. Self-hypnotic relaxation during interventional radiological procedures: Effects on pain perception and intravenous drug use. 1996 International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 44(2), 106-119. Analgesia for invasive medical procedures
  • Langenfeld, M. C., Cipani, E., Borckhardt, J. J. Hypnosis for the control of HIV/AIDS-related pain. 2002 International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 50(2), 170 - 188 HIV/AIDS -related pain
  • Liossi, C., Hatira, P. Clinical hypnosis versus cognitive behavioral training for pain management with pediatric cancer patients undergoing bone marrow aspirations. 1999 International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 47(2), 104-116 Pain management at bone marrow aspiration
  • Llaneza-Ramos, M. L. Hypnotherapy inthe treatment of chronic headaches. Hypnotherapy inthe treatment of chronic headaches. 1989 Philippine Journal of Psychology, 22, 17-25. Chronic headaches
    Citron, K. M., Maher-Loughnan, G. P., Kinsley, B. J. Hypnosis for asthma - a controlled trial. 1968 British Medical Journal, 4, 71-76. Asthma
  • Maher-Loughnan, G. P., MacDonald, N., Mason, A. A., & Fry, L. Controlled trial of hypnosis in the symptomatic treatment of asthma. 1962 British Medical Journal, 4, 371-376. Asthma
  • Marks, I. M., Gelder, M. G., & Edwards, G. Hypnosis and desensitization for phobias: A controlled trial. 1968 British Journal of Psychiatry, 114, 1263-1274. Phobias
  • Marks, N. J., Karl, H., Onisiporou, C. A controlled trial of hypnotherapy in tinnitus. 1985 Clinical Otolaringology, 10, 43-46 Tinnitus
  • Mason, J. D. T., Rogerson, D. R., & Butler, J. D. Client centred hypnotherapy in the management of tinnitus - is it better than counselling? 1996 Journal of Laryngology and Otology, 110, 117-120. Tinnitus
  • Mason, J., & Rogerson, D. Client-centered hypnotherapy for tinnitus. 1995 American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 37(4), 294-299. Tinnitus
  • Mauer, M. H., Burnett, K. F., Ouellette, E. A., Ironson, G. H., Dandes, H. M. Medical Hypnosis and Orthopedic Hand Surgery 1999 The International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnsosis, 47(2), 144 - 161 Postoperative pain/postoperative course in ortopedic hand surgery
  • May, S. R., & DeClement, F. A. Effects of early hypnosis on the cardiovascular and renal physiology of burn patients. 1983 Burns, 9(4), 257-266. Cardiological/renal functioning in burn patients
  • McCauley, J. D., Frank, R. G., & Callen, K. E. Hypnosis compared to relaxation in the outpatient management of chronic low back pain. 1983 Arch Phys Med Rehabil, 64, 548-552. Chronic low back pain
  • Mehl, L. E. Hypnosis and conversion of breech to the vertex presentation. 1994 Archieves of Family Medicine, 3, 881-887. Conversion of brech presentation
  • Melis, P. M. L., Rooimans, W., & Spierings, E. L. H. Treatment of chronic tension-type headache with hypnotherapy: A single-blind controlled study. 1991 Headache, 31, 686-689. Chronic tension headache
  • Melnick, J., & Russell, R. W. Hypnosis versus systematic desensitization in the treatment of test anxiety. 1976 Journal of Counseling Psychology, 23(4), 291-295. Test anxiety
  • Melzack, R., Perry, C. Self-regulation of pain: the use of alpha-feedback and hypnotic training for the control of chronic pain. 1975 Experimental neurology, 46, 452-469 Chronic pain
    Memmesheimer, A. M., & Eisenlohr, E. Untersuchung über die Suggestivbehandlung der Warzen. ? ???, 63-68. Warts
  • Meurisse, M., Defechereux, T., Hamoir, E., Maweja, S., Marchettini, P., Gollogly, L., Degauque, C., Joris, J., Faymonville, M. E. Hypnosis with Conscious Sedation instead of General Anaesthesia? Applications in Cervical Endocrine Surgery 1999 Acta chir belg, 99, 151 - 158 Sedation in cervical endocrine surgery
  • Montgomery; G. H., Weltz, C. R., Seltz, M., Bovbjerg, D. H. Brief presurgery hypnosis reduces distress and pain in excisional breast biopsy patients. 2002 International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 50(1), 17-32 Distress/ pain in breast biopsy patients
  • Moore, R., Abrahamsen, R., & Brodsgard, I. Hypnosis compared with group therapy and individual desensitization for dental anxiety. 1996 European Journal of Oral Sciences, 104, 612-618. Dental anxiety
  • Omer, H. A hypnotic relaxation technique for the treatment of premature labor. 1987 American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 29(3), 206-213. Premature labor
  • Omer, H., & Sirkovitz, A. Failure of hypnotic relaxation in the treatment of postterm pregnancies. 1987 Psychosomatic Medicine, 49, 606-609. Postterm pregnancies
  • Omer, H., Friedlander, D., Palti, Z. Hypnotic relaxation in the treatment of premature labor. 1986 Psychosomatic Medicine, 48(5), 351-361 Premature laborPatterson, D. R., Everett, J. J., Burns, G. L., & Marvin, J. A. Hypnosis for the treatment of burn pain. 1992 Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 60(5), 713-717. Treatment of burn pain
    Patterson, D. R., Questad, K. A., & deLateur, B. Hypnotherapy as an adjunct to narcotic analgesia for the treatment of pain for burn debridement. 1989 American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 31(3), 156-163. Pain in patients undergoing dressing changes
  • Perry, C., Mullen, G. The effects of hypnotic susceptibility on reducing smoking behavior treated by an hypnotic technique 1975 Journal of Clinical Psychology, 31(3), 498-505 Smoking cessation
    Prior, A., Colgan, S. M., & Whorwell, P. J. Changes in rectal sensitivity after hypnotherapy in patients with irritable bowel syndrome. 1990 Gut, 31, 896-898. Irritable bowel syndrome
  • Rabkin, S. W., Boyko, E., Shane, F., & Kaufert, J. A randomized trial comparing smoking cessation programs utilizing behaviour modification, health education or hypnosis. 1984 Addictive Behaviors, 9, 157-173. Smoking cessation
  • Raskin, R., Raps, C., Luskin, F., Carlson, R., Cristal, R. Pilot Study of the Effect of Self - Hypnosis on the Medical Management of Essential Hypertension 1999 Stress Medicine, 15, 243 - 247 Hypertension
  • Ratner, H., Gross, L., Casas, J., Castells, S. A hypnotherapeutic approach to the improvement of compliance in adolescent diabetics. 1990 American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 32(3), 154-159 Compliance in diabetics
  • Reid, W. H., Ahmed, I., Levie, C. A. Treatment of sleepwalking: a controlled study. 1981 American Journal of Psychotherapy, 35(1), 27-37 Sleepwalking
    Rucklidge, J. J.; Saunders, D. The efficacy of hypnosis in the treatment of pruritis in people with HIV/AIDS 2002 International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 50(2), 149 - 169 Pruritus inHIV/AIDS-patients
  • Sapp, M. Hypnotherapy and test anxiety: Two cognitive-behavioral constructs : The effects of hypnosis in reducing test anxiety and improving academic achievement in college students. 1991 Australian Journal of Clinical Hypnotherapy and Hypnosis, 12(1), 25-31. Test anxiety
  • Shertzer, C. L., Lookingbill, D. P. Effects of relaxation and hypnotizability in chronik urticaria. 1987 Arch Dermatol, 123, 913-916 Chronic urticaria
    Simon, E. P., Lewis, D. M. Medical hypnosis for temporomandibular disorders: Treatment efficacy and medical utilization outcome 2000 Oral Surgery Oral Medicine Oral Pathology, 90, 54 - 63 Pain symptoms of temporomandibular disorders
  • Spanos, N. P., Liddy, S. J., Scott, H., Garrard, C., Sine, J., Tirabasso, A., & Hayward, A. Hypnotic suggestion and placebo for the treatment of chronic headache in a university volunteer sample. 1993 Cognitive Therapy and Research, 17(2), 191-205. Chronic headache
  • Spanos, N. P., Mondoux, T. J., & Burgess, C. A. Comparison of multi-component hypnotic and nonhypnotic treatments for smoking. 1995 Contemporary Hypnosis, 12(1), 12-19. Smoking cessation
  • Spanos, N. P., Stenstrom, R. J., & Johnston, J. C. Hypnosis, placebo, and suggestions in the treatment of warts. 1988 Psychosomatic Medicine, 50, 245-260. Warts
  • Spanos, N. P., Stenstrom, R. J., & Johnston, J. C. Hypnosis, placebo, and suggestions in the treatment of warts. 1988 Psychosomatic Medicine, 50, 245-260. Warts
  • Spanos, N. P., Williams, V., & Gwynn, M. I. Effects of hypnotic, placebo, and salicylic acid treatments on wart regression. 1990 Psychosomatic Medicine, 52, 109-114. Warts
  • Spies, G. Desensitization of test anxiety: Hypnosis compared with biofeedback. 1979 American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 22(2), 108-111. Test anxiety
  • Stanton, H. E. Fee-paying and weight loss. Evidence for an interesting interaction. 1976 American Journal of Clinical hypnosis, 19(1), 47-49 Weight loss
  • Stanton, H. E. Using hypnotic success imagery to reduce test anxiety. 1992 Australian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 20(1), 31-37. Test anxiety
  • Stanton, H. E. Overcoming fear of public speaking with the diagnostic trance. 1991 Australian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 19(1), 41-47. Fear of public speaking
  • Stanton, H. E. Improving examination performance through cleched fist technique. 1988 Contemporal Educational Psychology, 13, 309-315. Test anxiety
  • Stanton, H. E. A simple hypnotic technique to reduce anxiety. 1978 Australian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 6(1), 35-38. Anxiety
  • Stewart, A. C., Thomas, S. E. Hypnotherapy as a treatment for atopic dermatitis in adults and children 1995 British Journal of Dermatology, 132, 778 - 783 Atopic dermatitis
  • Surman, O. S., Gottlieb, S. K., Hackett, T. P., & Silverberg, E. L. Hypnosis in the treatment of warts. 1973 Arcieves of General Psychiatry, 28, 439-441. Warts
  • Syrjala, K. L., Cummings, C., & Donaldson, G. W. Hypnosis or cognitive behavioral training for the reduction of pain and nausea during cancer treatment: an controlled clinical trial. 1992 Pain, 48, 137-146. Pain/nausea during cancer treatment
  • terKuile, M. M., Spinhoven, P., Linssen, A. C. G., Zitman, F., VanDyck, R., & Rooijmans, G. M. Autogenic training and cognitive self-hypnosis for the treatment of recurrent headaches in three different subject groups. 1994 Pain, 58, 331-340. Recurrent headaches
  • Valboe, A., & Eide, T. Smoking cessation in pregnancy: The effect of hypnosis in a randomized study. 1996 Addictive Behaviors, 21(1), 29-35. Smoking cessation
  • Wakeman, R. J., Kaplan, J. An experimental study in painful burns. 1978 American Journal of Clinical hypnosis, 21(1), 3-12 Acute pain in burn patients
  • Wakeman, R. J., Kaplan, J. An experimental study in painful burns. 1978 American Journal of Clinical hypnosis, 21(1), 3-12 Acute pain in burn patients
  • Williams; J. M.; Hall, D. Use of single session hypnosis for smoking cessation 1988 Addictive Behaviors, 13, 205-208 Smoking cessation
  • Woods, S. J. Hypnosis as means of achieving cognitive modification in the treatment of academic anxiety. 1986 Australian Journal of Clinical Hypnotherapy and Hypnosis, 7(2), 106-121. Test anxiety
  • Wright, B. R.; Drummond, P. D. Rapid induction analgesia for the alleviation of procedural pain during burn care. 2000 Burns, 26, 275-282 Procedural pain during burn care
  • Zeltzer, L. K., Dolgin, M. J., LeBaron, S., & LeBaron, C. A randomized, controlled study of behavioral intervention for chemotherapy distress in children with cancer. 1991 Pediatrics, 88(1), 34-42. Chemotherapy distress in children with cancer
  • Zeltzer, L., & LeBaron, S. Hypnosis and nonhypnotic techniques for reduction of pain and anxiety during painful procedures in children and adolescents with cancer. 1982 Journal of Pediadrics, 101(6), 1032-1035. Pain/anxiety during bone marrow aspiration
  • Zeyer, R., Dürr, W., Revenstorf, D. Hypnotherapie bei Prüfungsangst. 1992 Experimentelle und klinische Hypnose, 8(1), 71-87 Test anxiety